Cham (1818-1879), Lithographe
Le grand pope de Moscou présentant aux Cosaques l'étendard orthodoxe nouvellement brodé à Lyon et orné de l'image du grand Saint-Macairskoff [Robert Macaire], le nouveau patron de la Russie
Lith. Destouches 28, r. Paradis P.re Paris.- Maison Martinet, 116, r. Rivoli et 41, r. Vivienne

BnF, Estampes et photographie, RESERVE QB- 370 (144) -FT 4, De Vinck, 17252

Robert Macaire (Chevalier Macaire) was a noted criminal and assassin who appears in French plays. His name is renowned in French culture as that of the archetypal villain.
His is the name of the title character in the 1842 book Physiologie du Robert-Macaire written by Pierre Joseph Rousseau (James Rousseau) and illustrated by Henri Daumier. From this topicality, a character of this name appeared in the nineteenth-century melodrama play L'Auberge des Adrets, or 'The Adrets' Inn'. An internationally successful comic opera, Erminie, was based on the play, premiering in London in 1885. Films were later made with the character Macaire, including Robert Macaire et Bertrand (1907) and The Adventures of Robert Macaire (1925). Lemaître's performance in L'Auberge des Adrets (courtesy of actor Pierre Brasseur) was featured in the French film Les Enfants du Paradis (1945).